Cleveland of Simon Fraser University states that the revolt failed to generate significant support from within the Ottoman Empire's Arab provinces, and remained largely limited to tribal levies from the Arabian Peninsula loyal to Sharif Hussein. According to Karsh, Arab nationalism was not yet a mass movement, even in Syria where it was strongest. Many Arabs gave their primary loyalty to their religion or sect, their tribe, or their own particular governments.
The ideologies of Ottomanism and Pan-Islamism provided strong competition for Arab nationalism. The vast majority of the Arabs living in the Ottoman Empire were primarily loyal to their own families, clans, and tribes and in terms of broader loyalties, saw themselves as Muslims rather than as Arabs, which in practical terms meant support for the Ottoman Empire, whose sultan also claimed to be the caliph.
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In the Ottoman Empire, Sunni Islam was the state religion, and the sultan-caliph was the supreme religious-political leader, thus making the crown and the faith one and the same. Before , of the ten million or so Arabs living under Ottoman rule, only a mere were involved in various feuding nationalist groups, most of whom wanted only autonomy rather than independence.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Arab Revolt of For other Arab revolts, see Arab Revolt disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
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Hejaz , Transjordan , Syria of the Ottoman Empire. Arab Revolt. Main article: Battle of Aleppo See also: Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire. The neutrality of this section is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Number refers only to those laying siege to Medina by the time it surrendered and does not account for Arab insurgents elsewhere.
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The Arabs: A History. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 1 June Steel Chariots in the Desert. Leonaur Books. William Heinemann. Belknap Press. Cleveland; Martin Bunton A History of the Modern Middle East 6 ed. Westview Press. Although clandestine support for the revolt existed in some parts of Syria, Husayn's call failed to generate any organized response in the Arabic-speaking provinces; indeed, many Arab public figures accused Husayn of being a traitor and condemned his actions as dividing the Ottoman-Islamic Empire at a time when unity was crucial.
Rather than a popular uprising against the Ottoman Empire, the Arab Revolt was a more narrowly based enterprise relying on tribal levies from Arabia and dominated by the Hashimite family. World War I. Home fronts. Bulgarian mobilization Ottoman mobilization. Pacifism Anti-war movement. Category Portal. Arab nationalism. Arabization Arab identity Arab Union Arab world.
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